Thursday, July 26, 2018

Reform in the Church: A Positive Proposal

St. Philip Neri
During the past few weeks I have read several great spiritual books. "The Art of Praying" by Fr. Romano Guardini, "Conversion: Spiritual Insights into an Essential Encounter with God" by Fr. Donald Haggerty, and "Happy Are You Poor: The Simple Life and Spiritual Freedom" by Fr. Thomas Dubay (which I haven't finished yet). As I like to tell people, the books are great except for the fact that they make me feel like I'm actually suppose to change my life.  You know . . . like pray more, convert more, and live more simply and generously.  I suppose the reason I picked up each book was because something inside of me said, "You need to change. You need to pray more. You need to recommit to being converted. You need to live more simply."  To be honest, it has been a little unsettling.  Just when I was getting comfortable in my bourgeois life, I'm confronted with that urgent demand of the Gospel: "Repent! The Kingdom of God is at hand!"

At the same time that I've been reading these spiritual books, I've also spent (probably, too much) time reading online articles and social media commentaries concerning the recent revelations about Cardinal McCarrick. Many of those articles--rightly--call for institutional reforms in the Catholic Church. Angered by the situation, some authors are looking for heads to roll. In many ways, the situation reminds me of 2002 all over again.

Back in 2002, I had only been ordained for five years. In the midst of the never ending torrent of accusations and constant news stories, I felt like all of the language being employed was about external things. Talk about committees, charters, zero tolerance, training, etc . . . it left me feeling kind of empty and a bit cold. In retrospect, I understand why it was important to use all of those terms, but I felt like something was missing. All of those things put into place external checks and balances, and that was important. But, at the same time (perhaps because nobody had the time to focus on it) there was not an employment of the Church's language or the deployment of the Church's spiritual weapons. There wasn't a call to conversion. There wasn't a call to a more serious approach to prayer, to conversion, to simplicity of life. Now perhaps the world might roll their eyes at such language, but we are not of the world.

I remember thinking, "When I look back on this time in the Church's life, I want to be able to say that in the midst of so much ugliness, I was part of something beautiful." To that end some priest friends and I started to meet together on a regular basis, to go on retreat together, to read and pray together, and to share meals together. Not surprisingly, as our pastoral responsibilities increased, we found it more difficult to commit to our gatherings. Eventually, even though we remain close and support one another, the intensity of living something together in an intentional way fizzled. My intuition, however, that there needs to be a different way of living diocesan priesthood has only intensified over the years.

As I said, I've been reading lots of articles online about the McCarrick situation and most of the articles call for institutional reform. (Some articles call for public executions in St. Peter's Square)! What I propose here is not in opposition to institutional reforms, but is simply another plank in the structure of reform. It is, by no means, a quick fix. It is the kind of thing that would take a long time to come to fruition. It is a proposal for a new option for living diocesan priesthood.

In the history of the Church, it seems that the great reforms come when first the clergy are reformed, and from a greater attention to the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience. Yes, reporting structures, charters etc, are all fine and good, but those things are not going to attract anyone to the priesthood or purify the priesthood. In addition to adopting strong policies and procedures, we need to propose a new and more radical way of living out the diocesan priesthood. Some dioceses already have something similar. They are diocesan priests, under the diocesan bishop, who seek to live together in community, follow a common rule, and who live out the evangelical counsels together in a manner consistent with their being diocesan priests and not religious order priests.

Having been a diocesan priest for over twenty years, I know that one immediate reaction to that proposal from some diocesan priests would be to say, "Oh, these guys think that they're better than the rest of us. They think that they are holier, that they're going to save the Church."  Fair enough. Any such project could lead to a division among a presbyterate. I think, however, we should work to overcome such divisions. Seminarians and priests who would want to be part of such a fraternity or society should do so not as a judgment on other priests, but merely as an attempt to grow in their own holiness of life. It would be ONE way of living out diocesan priesthood. It would not be the ONLY way. They would still be diocesan priests, but would simply be living out their priesthood in a different manner.

The key in such an enterprise would be in following a rule of life together. It's not simply a group of priests who merely live together. It would be a fraternity of priests who follow the Lord together, who are accountable to one another, who pray together, who study together, and who grow in holiness and fraternity together. The rule of life would be an anchor to prevent such a community from becoming too rigid or extreme in its practice of the evangelical counsels..  Similarly, it would prevent such a community from devolving into a mere common residence or a club.

Investigations, policies, and procedures all have their place, but something more is necessary. There is a need for holiness, a need for conversion, a need for a more radical way of living out the following  of Christ. This is true for every person in the Church, but so often, reform in the Church needs to begin with the reform of the clergy. None of this is to say that a new way of living out the diocesan priesthood would prevent something like the McCarrick situation from ever happening again. In the face of evil, however, we should all feel a greater urgency to strive towards holiness. In the face of sin and corruption, the Christian response is holiness.

Most priests are not going to be involved in the development of policies and procedures. That is the work of a few. The way the vast majority of priests can help the Church is by more radically following Jesus Christ. New ways of living out diocesan priesthood--fraternities and societies who follow a rule of life--ought to be formed, encouraged, and supported by institutional structures. In the midst of so much ugliness, sin, and corruption, there are many priests and seminarians who want to do the most important thing that they can do: become more like Jesus Christ. Such an endeavor would likely have positive effects on vocations to the diocesan priesthood as well. Young men are attracted toward a life that is demanding and one that is lived in fraternity. The opportunity to see mature, healthy, and holy diocesan priests living a way of life--TOGETHER--would likely attract other such men to the diocesan priesthood. Additionally, the Catholic laity would be supportive of such an endeavor. 

A fraternity of diocesan priests living in community, committed to the evangelical counsels, and following a rule of life together will not prevent sin and evil in the Church, but it most certainly would be a bold and salutary response to sin and evil.

Monday, July 16, 2018

The Catholic Church is Friendship in Christ

One of the reasons that I began this blog some years ago was to provide some window into the life of a priest. Most especially, I wanted to share the joy of priesthood. The other evening, I had an experience that flooded my soul with tremendous peace and joy, and I want to share that with you.

Peter and Kerry. When I was a pastor, a new family arrived in our parish church one Sunday. They had been looking around for a new parish and stumbled into ours. Happily, they stayed. Each Sunday, they would attend the choir Mass (a solemn and grand Liturgy) with their two (and eventually, four) children. Like many of the parishioners in that parish, Peter and Kerry often invited the priests and seminarians to dinner. They love the Catholic life and are always inviting others to share the joy of their Faith. They love to gather Catholics (of all ages) together to study the faith, share the faith, and grow in the faith.   

(As a total aside, this photo is of a Lego project that their young son, William, proudly showed me the other night at dinner. It is the Garden of Gethsemane (you can see the apostles sleeping,Jesus praying, and the guards approaching), the Crucifixion, and the Tomb with the guard outside)! 

Joe. The summer before his senior year at Boston University (where I am chaplain), Joe met a fellow student and Catholic. They became friends. This friend kept inviting Joe to events at the Catholic Center. Eventually, he convinced Joe to attend a Catholic Center retreat. Well, to be fair, this young man asked me to text Joe and to convince him to go on the retreat. I texted Joe and said, "Joe, I just heard that you are coming on the retreat. I am so glad to hear this. It has made my entire year." So, under pressure, Joe came on the retreat, had a great experience, and became an integral part of the Catholic Center. After graduation, Joe gave a year of service to the Catholic Center, volunteering as our intern. I am very grateful for that year. Besides all of the work he did, Joe became a good friend. We prayed a Holy Hour together each morning which was a great grace. At the end of that year, Joe entered the seminary where he has been for two years now. Tomorrow, Joe boards a plane for Rome where he will study in seminary for the next five years.

On Saturday night, Peter and Kerry hosted a dinner for Joe. It was a magnificent affair. Some of Joe's close friends at the BU Catholic Center attended along with some priests and seminarians. At the beginning of the meal, Kerry spoke about how she and her family love priests and seminarians and how important the priesthood is to their family. She emphasized how priests can really have a tremendous influence on the lives of people. It was a beautiful witness and testimony. Vocations flourish in parishes and communities where the priesthood is loved.

The friends that Joe made at the BU Catholic Center helped him to grow in his Catholic Faith. In so many ways, his vocation was nurtured by his friendships. And, in turn, he helps them to grow in their Faith. It is not, I don't think, an exaggeration to say that Joe is heading off to Rome tomorrow to continue his studies for the priesthood because four years ago, a Catholic friend invited him (repeatedly) to go on retreat. One of the great lessons I've learned at BU is that nothing replaces the personal invitation. You can have great posters, websites, social media accounts etc, but the most effective evangelization is the personal invitation. 

One of the things I love about priesthood is bringing various persons together. For instance, I love introducing former parishioners to the BU students or introducing seminarians to parishioners etc.  The other night at dinner, I was so pleased to have various communities present--former parishioners, BU Catholic Center folks, seminarians and seminary faculty; a variety of ages, married, single, seminarians, and priests. All of us loving one another and encouraging one another in living out the Faith. And what was the common denominator? Jesus Christ. We were all there because--in one way or another--Jesus invited us to walk by his side and to be his disciples. I think all of us who were sitting at that table the other evening had to feel like the apostles who gathered around the Lord in the upper room. We knew that we were living something special together, something that is completely gratuitous. We didn't create it. We received it. We followed the Lord and this is where he led us. 

The other night at that dinner, as I looked around, I was filled with gratitude. Gratitude for marriage, gratitude for priesthood, gratitude for the Sacraments. I was filled with gratitude because--like the apostles before us--Jesus gathered us around that table and once again assured all of us of a truth that never loses its newness and its rejuvenating power: "I call you friends."

Sunday, July 8, 2018

To Seminarians on the Way to Failure

The Crucifixion of St. Peter by Caravaggio 

To Seminarians on the Way to Failure:

Quite often, the passages of scripture that most strike me are those that I might easily pass over without much thought. At first glance, they seem to be a throwaway line or an unimportant detail.  One such line appears in the Gospel for the Mass of 14th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Year B).  Since it is a brief passage, I include it in its entirety here:

He left that place and came to his hometown, and his disciples followed him.  On the sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were astounded. They said, “Where did this man get all this? What is this wisdom that has been given to him? What deeds of power are being done by his hands! Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offenseat him. Then Jesus said to them, “Prophets are not without honor, except in their hometown, and among their own kin, and in their own house.”  And he could do no deed of power there, except that he laid his hands on a few sick people and cured them.  And he was amazed at their unbelief. (Mark 6:1-6 NRSV)

The line that most struck me was, "and his disciples followed him."  Of course, that is what disciples do, is it not? And yet, it is striking to me because he was leading them into an apparent failure. When the disciples followed him to Nazareth, they were not aware that it would end in disappointment. What amazes me more is that immediately after this failure, the Lord commissions the Twelve to go out two by two and announce to people that they should repent. He sends them to heal the sick and to cast out demons. One would think that the Lord could have chosen a better time to commission the apostles. Wouldn't it have been better to send them out right after they had witnessed a big success story? 

As I prayed about this passage, the thought occurred to me that I have always felt particularly blessed in my priestly assignments to be sent to places where--for the most part--the Gospel is welcomed, the Church is loved, and where conversions and vocations have flourished. It is very easy to follow the Lord into places such as these. But disciples follow the Lord wherever He goes, and sometimes, He leads us directly into seeming failure.  Of course, there is no better example of this than the Cross itself. Nobody looks at the Crucifix and immediately thinks, "What a great success story." The Cross is a scandal.  The martyrs who followed Christ to their gruesome deaths certainly did not appear to be successful. They looked like utter and complete failures.  This is where the Lord led them.

A few years ago, I read a biography of St. Edmund Campion written by Evelyn Waugh.  Campion was a Jesuit who was sent to Reformation England to provide the Sacraments for the Catholics who were clinging to the Faith. He attended a seminary in Douai (now France) where he was prepared for what was to come. The rector of the seminary there realized that they were forming future priests for a dangerous mission and he wanted them to be ready. He recognized that it was not enough simply to train them like every other priest had been trained before. These seminarians had to know what they were getting into. Ever since reading that, I've wondered (for I do not really know) if our seminarians are being trained for what lies ahead.  In Campion's case, the rector basically wanted these men to know the following: "You will be ordained. You will go to England. If you actually make it there without being arrested, you will be a hunted man from the moment you step foot on English soil. You will bring the Sacraments to Catholics. Eventually, you will be caught. You will be arrested, tortured beyond anything you can imagine, and then you will be executed."

In other words, they were being sent out--in a sense--to fail. As I think about the young men who these days apply to seminary, I realize that what was still around when I was first ordained has quickly dissipated. These men have been chosen by Christ to follow Him into towns where they will be rejected. This will require a lot of Faith on their part. It is so much easier to follow Christ into the towns where the crowds cheer for Him and welcome Him. It is difficult to follow the Lord to the places where He is rejected. 

We live in the shadows of great church buildings that were built at times when the crowds welcomed the Lord with great enthusiasm. Those church buildings now are often empty or converted into condominiums.  All around, the culture is rejecting the truth about God and about morality. If I were to give advice to a seminarian today, I would say that they should be prepared to be rejected and to appear to be a failure. Sure, there are still towns--parishes, colleges, various New Movements--where the Gospel is received with joy and with love. The present trajectory of things, however, suggests that increasingly there will be an ever growing number of places (academia, businesses, courts, etc) where Christ is rejected. 

When things get oppressive, there could be two possible temptations. The first would be toward discouragement. The other would be towards capitulation. Capitulation would be to try and water down the Gospel and its demands in order to make it more palatable to others. If this temptation comes, we should remember that right after Christ was rejected, He sent his apostles out to preach repentance. In other words, fidelity to the Truth of the Gospel is more important than being successful in the eyes of the world. The priest of the future will be ministering to a flock who themselves are experiencing rejection in their families, businesses, and culture. The flock will need to have a shepherd who is willing to lead them into unwelcome pastures.

Discouragement, on the other hand, would be to surrender and consider yourself beaten. "What's the point in preaching Christ if everybody says, 'No' to the message?" This is where the future priest must have a profound relationship with Jesus Crucified, to be conformed to the Mysteries that he celebrates. In those places where the Gospel is preached and rejected, the future priest will have to always have before his eyes the Crucified One who was spurned and rejected. Success in the priesthood will be measured not by statistical successes, but by conformity to Christ. When Christ was rejected, he did not quit. He continued. He continued all the way to the ultimate failure--the Cross. 

Seminary formation today can (and should) teach sound and creative methods of evangelization, but it also needs to place before future priests the possibility that they will be sent out into a largely unwelcoming world that is increasingly antagonistic to the Catholic Faith. They should know that if they remain faithful to Christ, they still might "appear" to fail. This, however, should not disturb them. In fact, it should be their boast. Jesus' mission trip to Nazareth appeared to be almost a complete failure. But the disciples followed Him. We should definitely rejoice when Christ is warmly received, but we should not fear rejection. 

"Follow me." This is the call that every seminarian and priest has heard deep within his heart. This profoundly personal and deeply penetrating invitation of Christ is at the core of our life. For most of us, I think we first heard it as a call to a great adventure, a laying down of life as we once knew it, for some great purpose. But, as we grow in that call, we realize that this "Follow me," is spoken to us from the Cross. "Follow me." "Follow me into the places that you do not want to go. Follow me into the towns that will reject me. Follow me to Calvary." To follow Him in the places where He is warmly welcomed and revered is awesome and encouraging! The invitation to follow Christ to the places where He is rejected, however, is a special sign of his esteem and his love for us and His confidence in us. We need not avoid them nor fear them. He has preceded us and has already secured the Victory. He has conquered. The path to victory is the Way of the Cross.  The path to resurrection always passes through Calvary. 

May the Lord give every priest and seminarian the grace to do that which He first asked of us at the beginning of our vocation: "Follow Me." Our glory (our true success) is to follow Him.